Educational technology is a sophisticated concept that encompasses both knowledge and change.  It is not simply using technology to promote learning, instruction and knowledge. Rather, it is “the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources” (Januszewski & Moledna, 2008).  Educational technology involves multiple disciplines, activities, people, tools, and opportunities in a manner that facilitates meaningful change (Spector, 2012). Educational technologists create learning environments that work well for different learners, challenging the learner to think about the problem one is trying to understand (Spector, 2012).  The technology can range from a slide ruler to a tablet.  There are six foundation pillars to educational technology: communication, interaction, environment, culture, instruction, and learning (Spector, 2012). These values shape what educational technologists do.



Januszewski, A. & Molenda, M. (2008). Educational technology: A definition with commentary. New York: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Spector, M. (2012). Foundations of Educational Technology. New York, NY: Routledge.


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